Due to the rapidly accelerating technical advancements it is impossible to design most innovative products without combining knowledge from different technical fields. Therefore, new specialists are increasingly necessary who have mastered not only their narrow specialization, but also have knowledge of related fields. As a result of these factors, a new scientific discipline called “mechatronics” was created at the end of the 20th century.
Mechatronics integrate knowledge of electronics, mechanics, informatics and control. The essential features of mechatronics include artificial intelligence, interactivity, autonomous behaviour and structural maturity. Mechatronics can be applied in many modern fields such as robotics, smart sensors, satellite technology and others. This technical field is also increasingly growing in natural fields and new interdisciplinary fields are being created such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and remediation technologies.